Prevention focuses on preventing human hazards, primarily from potential natural disasters or terrorist (both physical and biological) attacks. Preventive measures are designed to provide more permanent protection from disasters; however, not all disasters can be prevented.
The risk of loss of life and injury can be limited with good evacuation plans, environmental planning and design standards.
Ohio’s climate and mid-western location make it susceptible to frequent flooding, in addition to tornadoes, as it has experienced an average of 14 tornadoes per year over the last 50 years. Winter in Ohio can bring snow, ice, high winds, and potentially power outages.
Ohio’s large transportation network of interstate highways, airports, and waterways including; the Ohio River and seaports on Lake Erie also make it susceptible to potential transportation disasters such as accidents, chemical spills, and airplane crashes, in addition to possible terrorist threats from its northern border. Any of these threats can lead to large, geographically diverse incidents that would require a multi-jurisdictional response requiring broad communications interoperability.
- Planning Definition: Conduct a systematic process engaging the whole community as appropriate in the development of executable strategic, operational, and/or community-based approaches to meet defined objectives.
- Public Information and Warning Definition: Deliver coordinated, prompt, reliable, and actionable information to the whole community through the use of clear, consistent, accessible, and culturally and linguistically appropriate methods to effectively relay information regarding any threat or hazard, as well as the actions being taken and the assistance being made available, as appropriate.
- Operational Coordination Definition: Establish and maintain a unified and coordinated operational structure and process that appropriately integrates all critical stakeholders and supports the execution of core capabilities.
- Forensics and Attribution Definition: Conduct forensic analysis and attribute terrorist acts (including the means and methods of terrorism) to their source, to include forensic analysis as well as attribution for an attack and for the preparation for an attack in an effort to prevent initial or follow-on acts and/or swiftly develop counter-options.
- Intelligence and Information Sharing Definition: Provide timely, accurate, and actionable information resulting from the planning, direction, collection, exploitation, processing, analysis, production, dissemination, evaluation, and feedback of available information concerning threats to the United States, its people, property, or interests; the development, proliferation, or use of WMDs; or any other matter bearing on U.S. national or homeland security by Federal, State, local, and other stakeholders. Information sharing is the ability to exchange intelligence, information, data, or knowledge among Federal, State, local, or private sector entities, as appropriate.
- Interdiction and Disruption Definition: Delay, divert, intercept, halt, apprehend, or secure threats and/or hazards.
- Screening, Search, and Detection Definition: Identify, discover, or locate threats and/or hazards through active and passive surveillance and search procedures. This may include the use of systematic examinations and assessments, sensor technologies, or physical investigation and intelligence.