CAUV, Forestry, & Ag District

The Current Agricultural Use Valuation has greatly assisted farmers since 1975 by reducing the amount of property taxes on land from the difference between an actual market value and its agricultural value.

The Auditor’s Office is responsible in determining and keeping soil values current by State Law, ORC 5713.31. Together with the reappraisal and triennial updates, agricultural land values can be affected by the updates as well since they are calculated using complex formulas and tables from the Department of Taxation. Much like real property in the 6 year revaluation and triennial process, soil values are subject to increases or decreases in value during the reval and triennial periods. As a land owner enrolled in the CAUV program, you should be aware that increases in the soil values in Trumbull County will result in decreased savings in your taxes. This is a result of closing the gap between your CAUV Land Value and your Market Value.

Agricultural values are also of a complex formula, that involves data gathered from various services and agencies associated with agriculture. The formula involves the capitalization of the typical net income before real estate and income taxes from agricultural products assuming typical management, cropping and land use patterns and yields for a given type of soil. Five year weighted average crop prices for major field crops are also calculated into this formula. The agricultural values are provided to each County Auditor's Office every three years in accordance with the counties scheduled updates. These figures are provided by the Ohio Department of Taxation.

Qualifications for the C.A.U.V. program are taken directly from the Ohio Revised Code. Section 5713 covers this program in its entirety:

  1. The land must be devoted to commercial agricultural production, simply saying, it must begenerating income from the various forms of agriculture· available and suitable for that parcel ofproperty.
  2. The land as an individual parcel or group of parcels under the same identical ownership, must have a minimum of ten qualifying acres or gross an average yearly amount of $2,500 or more. Some examples of qualifying lands would be commercial animal or poultry husbandry, agriculture, apiculture, field crops, tobacco, fruits, vegetables, nursery stock, ornamental trees, sod, flowers or the production of timber for a commercial purpose.
  3. The land must have been in commercial production for three consecutive years prior to the initialyear of filing. This time frame is the first Monday in January and prior to the first Monday in March for new applications that were never under the program. For owners who acquire land already under the program, this time frame is extended for prior to the first Monday in April. There is a twenty five (25) dollar filing fee at the Auditor's Office for all new applications. There is no fee for filing a renewal application each year thereafter.

The soil breakdown and aerial map are completed by the GIS/ Tax Map Department and returned to the Auditor's Office and then field checked to verify all data put forth. Once an application is approved, the data is entered into the computer and verified. The actual tax savings is derived by calculating differences of market value per acre and individual prices per acre for uses of land and soil types. Crop land, pasture land and woodlands are the most common uses recognizable for a reduction. Land uses commonly not qualifying are areas used as homesites or part of homesites, personal areas, such as gardens, ponds, recreation or idle lands are a few examples. Two other programs that qualify for C.A.U.V. are the Wetland Reserve Program, W.R.P., and Conservation Reserve Program, C.R.P.

Under current law, if a parcel or portion thereof is under C.A.U.V. and does not continue to meet the qualifying guidelines, that property must be removed from the program and be taxed at its market value. There is also a penalty, commonly referred to as a recoupment charge. This is a three (3) year charge based on the actual tax savings that property incurred. The recoupment charge becomes a lien against that land and is collected as a separate charge on the tax bill in the same manner as real estate taxes. Some common land conversions could be areas designated for new construction, small parcels which are split and sold to new owners who can no longer qualify and land that is developed for other practices than agricultural.

If you own land that is currently being used for commercial agriculture either by yourself or a tenant and need any additional information on this program or other programs available in Trumbull County for tax purposes, please do not hesitate to contact the Auditor's office between 8:30 A.M. - 4:30 P.M. Monday thru Friday at 330-675-2420.

Frequently Asked Questions

Any tract of agricultural land, 10 acres or more, which has been in commercial agricultural use for the last 3 years is eligible. A smaller tract may be included under this section if the tract produced an average gross income of $2,500 or more from sales of agricultural products during the previous three years and if there is anticipated gross income of such amount.
The tract of land must be devoted exclusively to commercial agricultural use.

The actual reductions are dependent on the current agricultural use value (CAUV) which is placed upon the land. Major factors affecting the value are soil type, soil region and land capability class. Agricultural commodity prices also enter into the CAUV value. These values are set by the State and vary according to soil type. The resulting CAUV value replaces the appraised market value. Tax value is set at 35% of the CAUV value. The CAUV values are readjusted on a three year cycle by the State Tax Commissioner to account for changing agricultural production costs and commodity.

There is a $25.00 initial fee. No charge for annual renewals.

Any time after the first Monday in January and prior to the first Monday in March of any year.

Apply at the Trumbull County Auditor's Office.

Yes. The owner must file a renewal application each year to continue the reduction. A blank renewal application will be mailed from the auditor's office in January of each year.

There is a recoupment penalty equal to the tax savings for the past 3years if land use changes to nonagricultural use or if there is a failure to reapply.